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MLA 8 Help Page: 3. Container (a)

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Element 2: Title

Guidelines Examples
A container is the whole from which only a part is referenced. There can be more than one! Examples include. Containers are always italicized. Place a period before the second container. 
A book from which only a chapter is referenced (e.g., Collapse: Why Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed,)

  • Diamond, Jared. “Norse Greenland’s End.” Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed.” Viking, 2005, pp. 211-247..


A newspaper or magazine from which an article was referenced (e.g., New York Times,)
  • Noonan, Peggy. "Democracy Is Not Your Plaything." Wall Street Journal, 18 May 2017,
A database from which a resource was retrieved (e.g., JSTOR,) There are two containers here.
  • Thapar, Romila. “Ashoka — A Retrospective.” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 44, no. 45, 2009, pp. 31–37. JSTOR,
A video streaming portal containing a referenced video (e.g. YouTube,)
  • “Uganda Fights Back Against Child Malnutrition.” United Nations Children's Fund, 23 Sept. 2014. YouTube,
A television or radio broadcasting organization from which a specific episode of a program is referenced (e.g., National Public Radio,)
  • Allen, Greg. "Miami's Zika Outbreak Began Months Before It Was First Detected." National Public Radio, 24 May 2017,

Correcting Bibliographies

15. Title of Source


Title of Source (element 2) - Italicizing v. quotes: If the title is part of a larger source, write it in quotation marks. If the entire source is being used, the title is written in italics.


Diamond, Jared. “Norse Greenland’s End.” Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed.”  Viking, 2005, pp. 211-247.

Central Intelligence Agency. “Ecuador.” The World Factbook, United States, 19 Oct. 2017,

Friedman, Thomas. The New Untouchables.” Editorial. New York Times, 29 Oct. 2009,

Seuss, Theodor. The Cat in the Hat. Random House, 1957.

Spielberg, Stephen. Lincoln. Perf. by Daniel Day Lewis, and Sally Field, DreamWorks, and Twentieth Century Fox, et al., 2012. Netflix.

Stone, Oliver. Platoon. Metro Goldwyn Mayer, 1986.


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