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MLA 8 Help Page: 3. Container

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Element 3: Container

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Guidelines Examples
Part of a source (chapter, web page, or article title) is in quotations.

Friedman, Tom. “That Used to Be Us.” All Things Considered”  National Public Radio, 6 Sept. 2011, npr.org/2011/09/06/140214150/thomas-friedman-on-how-america-fell-behind.

Central Intelligence Agency. “Ecuador.” The World Factbook, United States, 19 Oct. 2017, cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html.

Friedman, Thomas. “The New Untouchables.” Editorial. New York Times, 29 Oct. 2009, nyti.ms/2mxj9gx.

An entire source (book or movie title) is not in quotations, but is italicized. 

Seuss, Theodore. The Cat in the Hat. Random House, 1957.

Spielberg, Stephen. Lincoln. Perf. by Daniel Day Lewis, and Sally Field, DreamWorks, and Twentieth Century Fox, et al., 2012. Netflix.

Stone, Oliver. Platoon. Metro Goldwyn Mayer, 1986.

 

Correcting Bibliographies

16. Container italicized

 

A web page is the "title"; a website is a container. Italicize the names of containers (e.g., books, periodicals, and databases).

 


 

 

Friedman, Thomas. “The New Untouchables.” Editorial. New York Times, 29 Oct. 2009, nyti.ms/2mxj9gx.

Central intelligence Agency. “Ecuador.” The World Factbook, United States, 19 Oct. 2017, cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ec.html.

Seuss, Theodor. The Cat in the Hat. Random House, 1957.

Diamond, Jared. “Norse Greenland’s End.” Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed.”  Viking, 2005, pp. 211-247.


 

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17. Container

 

Container (element 3) - There can be multiple containers. Database names are often included as second  or third containers. When there are multiple containers, add elements 1-9 first, followed by a period, then add elements 3-9 as many times as you need.


 

Kulinski, Kyle. “Are Undocumented Immigrants A 'Burden' On The Healthcare System?” Secular Talk,  24 June 2015. Youtube, www.youtube.com/watch?v=BDnJNKJuDNA.

Nagel, James. "Kate Chopin’s Bayou Folk." Race and Culture in New Orleans Stories : Kate Chopin, Grace King, Alice Dunbar-Nelson, and George Washington Cable. University Alabama Press, 2014, pp. 119-159. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=shib&db=e000xna&AN=681638&site=eds-live&custid=s9378636.


 

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